Plant fiber

Fibers from which threads or ropes are prepared.


  • Seed fiber – cotton (Gossypium genus), Kapok, Luffa, coir
  • Bast fiber – jute, flax, hemp, esparto (mostly the phloem tissue)
  • Leaf fiber – sisal, henequen
  • Regenerated fiber – soybean, bamboo
  • Semisynthetic fiber – rayon
Jute fibers image
Jute fibers before processing
Cotton fiber image
Cotton fibers are used to make cloths









Dietary fiber (roughage)

Indigestible portion of food derived from plants. They help to form the bulk of stool.


  • Soluble fibers
  • Insoluble fibers

Fermentation by intestinal flora (mostly in colon) produces gas and other byproducts. Based on the extent of fermentation dietary fibers can be

  • Partially fermentable – cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, plant waxes
  • Almost completely fermentable – resistant starches, beta-glucans, pectins, natural gums, inulin, oligosaccharides
Whole grains are a rich source of dietary fibers
Whole grains are a rich source of dietary fibers
Wheat - a good source of fibers
Wheat – a good source of fibers










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N.B. This article was originally published on official website of The Paradigm Shift Group.

Reference and further reading

Dietary fibers – Wikipedia

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  • Mukherjee Narayan Reply

    Please include some more information in this article, that will help better understanding. Actually lots of people have misconception about it. Thank you.

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